Connecting to an External Database from AX 2012 using ODBC

To connect to an external database with X++ you can use Open Database Connection (ODBC) protocol through the OdbcConnection class among other ways. This approaches requires you to setup us a Data Source Name(DSN) on your server machine with the required access. Below is the code sample for how you can achieve this.To read more about this visit MSDN.

 

// X++, Main method in a class.
static public void Main(Args _args)
{
    LoginProperty loginProperty;
    OdbcConnection odbcConnection;
    Statement statement;
    ResultSet resultSet;
    str sql, criteria;
    SqlStatementExecutePermission perm;
    ;

    // Set the information on the ODBC.
    loginProperty = new LoginProperty();
    loginProperty.setDSN("dsnName");
    loginProperty.setDatabase("databaseName");

    //Create a connection to external database.
    odbcConnection = new OdbcConnection(loginProperty);

    if (odbcConnection)
    {
        sql = "SELECT * FROM MYTABLE WHERE FIELD = "
            + criteria
            + " ORDER BY FIELD1, FIELD2 ASC ;";

        //Assert permission for executing the sql string.
        perm = new SqlStatementExecutePermission(sql);
        perm.assert();

        //Prepare the sql statement.
        statement = odbcConnection.createStatement();
        resultSet = statement.executeQuery(sql);

        //Cause the sql statement to run,
        //then loop through each row in the result.
        while (resultSet.next())
        {
            //It is not possible to get field 3 and then 1.
            //Always get fields in numerical order, such as 1 then 2 the 3 etc.
            print resultSet.getString(1);
            print resultSet.getString(3);
        }

        //Close the connection.
        resultSet.close();
        statement.close();
    }
    else
    {
        error("Failed to log on to the database through ODBC.");
    }
}

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